Invasiveness of surgical procedures can be categorized as Non-Invasive Procedures, Minimally Invasive Procedures and Invasive Procedures (Open Surgery). A minimally invasive procedure (MIP) involves use of laparoscopic devices and remote controlling of instruments with indirect observation of the surgical field through an endoscope on large scale display panel. It is carried out through the skin or through a body cavity on anatomical opening.
Advantage of MIP is that a patient may require only an adhesive bandage on the incision rather than multiple stitches. This results in less infection, a quicker recovery time and a shorter hospital stay. MIP has less operative trauma for the patient than an equivalent invasive procedure. MIP may still require general anesthesia to be administered beforehand.
Minimal Invasive GI Surgery can be used for
- Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) Treatment
- Different esophageal disorders that affect swallowing
- Achalasia Treatment (It occurs when the muscular valve at the entrance to the stomach fails to relax)
- Gallbladder, Gallstones and the Bile Duct Problems
- Hernia Treatment
- Spleen Removal
- Colon Removal
Special medical equipment as fiber optic cables, miniature video cameras and special surgical instruments handled via tubes are used to carry out minimal invasive GI surgery. Images of the interior of the body are transmitted to an external video monitor and the surgeon has the possibility of making a diagnosis, visually identifying internal features and acting surgically on them.